This wall, which runs through the golf course, is now considered to be an archaeological monument of international importance, being one of the most substantial and best preserved frontier systems in the area of the whole of the former Roman Empire.
The “wall” consisted of of a solid wall of turf, probably topped with a timber breastwork. The turf wall was built on top of a solid stone foundation. A good example of the foundation can be seen in the New Kilpatrick Cemetery within a few metres of the 15th tee. (photo bottom right)
The wall, when completed, would have been at least 3 metres high and the breastwork would make it even harder to surmount.
In front lay a wide V-shaped ditch about 12 metres in breadth and 3.5 metres deep.The material from the ditch was tipped out to the North to form an upcast mound.
To the south of the wall ran a Roman road, some 6 metres wide, of rough cobbles topped by gravel. This military way was used by the Roman Army to build the wall and provided a lateral communications link for the garrisons of the forts that were placed atintervals of about 3 kilometres along the length of the wall.
The nearest fort to the golf course was at Roman Road in Bearsden, adjacent to the bath house which was the subject of archaeological excavation in 1979.
The Antonine Wall crosses our course from a point roughly 50 metres to the left of the 15th tee, following the line of trees up to the left hand side of the 15th green, then along the ridge to the 13th green and so, eastwards towards Summerston.
The military way which followed the wall is likely to have survived, buried beneath the 15th fairway and also further to the east.
The construction of the Wall about AD 142 was carried out by Roman troops of the Second, Sixth and Twentieth legions, supported by armed auxiliaries and probably by native Britons as forced labour all under the command of Lollius Urbicus, the Governor of Britain.
For more information on the Antonine Wall – click here to transfer to Historic Scotland web site